POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF TOURISM
Tourism refers as travel for predominantly study, recreational leisure or pleasure and adventure purposes. While tourist are people who travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited. Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity.
Tourists might occupy local services such as entertainment, accommodation and catering. Tourism is a dynamic and competitive industry that requires the ability to constantly adapt to customers' changing needs and desires. It may seem that tourism brings only benefits, but further consideration shows that it also has its disadvantages.
Tourism results in both many advantages and disadvantages. Tourism provides direct employment for the people in bars, hotels and in tour guides. This results in the average standard of living of people increases and leads to further lowering of dependency ratio, the employment of the country increases while unemployment decreases. If there is high employment in a country then the country can concentrate and focus on other aims and objectives like, education, health care and other important issues. Tourism also offers indirect employment in terms of factory workers who help to produce goods and services in the economy to meet the increasing demands of the population. Tourists also take with them, souvenirs which can be produced by people; farmers are also encouraged to produce more food for the population.
Many countries depend heavily upon travel expenditures by foreigners as a source of taxation and as a source of income for the enterprises. The development of tourism is often a strategy to promote a particular region for the purpose of increasing business through exporting goods and services and this is another benefit that tourism is able to develop. The economy and population of third world countries can increase if tourism is evident in the country. The introduction of the development of tourism in areas such as these offer local people an opportunity for economic and educational growth which will have a positive influence on a unpopular area.
If a country has experienced rapid tourism growth then the country is benefit a lot from the sector and hence it generate its GDP i.e. Gross Domestic Product.
Some of the negative effects of tourism are much less philosophical. In many areas, crime increases dramatically during the tourist season, falling back to more usual levels when the visitors have all gone home. Although much of this will be targeted at the supposed easy pickings of the tourists themselves, it is not without its repercussions on the local population and the police and consular authorities on the ground. In some places, the price of many staple foods and other essential items can be hiked up considerably to maximize the catch of tourist dollars, but this artificial inflation can often catch local people too – who often can least afford it. In addition, in countries which are rich in wildlife and natural beauty, although initiatives to bring in tourists often contribute to parts of the local economy, by no means everyone benefits? It is also one of eco-tourism’s greatest ironies that attempts to safeguard the environment can also make life worse for indigenous people, particularly if vast swathes of their traditional lands become part of a protected reserve. Tourism lead to increase in prices of commodities within the local community where by prices are been sated high to catch the demand of tourists. Also tourism lead to dependence sector within the local community especially is the society that depends on tourism to obtain it income in addition it leads to seasonal character jobs around the local area.